The Equal Pay Act
The Equal Pay Act

The Equal Pay Act makes it unlawful for an employer to pay one employee less than another employee who is performing equal work, if that pay discrepancy exists because of an employee’s sex.

The Act does not require that the jobs compared be exactly the same; rather, it requires proof that the performance of the two jobs demands substantially equal skill, effort and responsibility, and that the two jobs were performed under similar working conditions. Wages include all forms of compensation, including fringe benefits.